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The LSP methodology is based on the Core Process with a set of 3 Basic Values and 4 Essential Steps:

Core Process

LEGO SERIOUS PLAY “is a facilitated workshop, where participants are asked different questions in relation to an ongoing project, task or strategy. The participants answer these questions by building symbolic and metaphorical models of their insights in LEGO bricks and present these to each other” (Kristiansen, Hansen & Nielsen, 2009).

LSP “offers a sophisticated means for a group to share ideas, assumptions and understandings; to engage in rich dialogue and discussion; and to work out meaningful solutions to real problems” (LEGO SERIOUS PLAY, 2010, p. 10).

LSP Basic Values

LSP builds on a set of basic values that can be summarized in the following (quotations from LEGO SERIOUS PLAY, 2010, p. 17):

  1. The answer is in the system.
    No one in the group has the answer to the challenge (neither the facilitator nor the group’s leader); therefore, LSP “is all about participants expressing themselves and listening to each other”.

  2. The multitude of contributions to the dialogue is the important part.
    In LSP workshops, everyone has a voice and has to express his/her reflections and thoughts – never to produce ‘correct’ answers.

  3. There is no ONE right answer.
    Different views and different perspectives are a good thing, and must “come out in the open without anybody saying which is ‘right’ or ‘wrong’”.

Four Essential Steps

  1. Posing the question
    The facilitator presents the challenge to the participants. The challenge must have no obvious or correct solution.

  2. Construction
    Participants build their answer to the challenge using LEGO bricks. While building their models, participants assign a meaning to them and develop a story covering the meaning. In doing so, they construct new knowledge.

  3. Sharing
    Participants share their stories and the meanings assigned to their models with each other, and listen to the stories of other participants.

  4. Reflection
    An LSP workshop typically takes from half a day to a couple of days. It always starts with a skills building program, i.e., a set of exercises that aim at introducing participants to the method and making them acquainted with it. Then, the ‘real’ workshop starts with the first exercise, which is always an individual building exercise. After that, other exercises will follow: they may be individual or collective.